This too shall pass. As we are all challenged today by the COVID-19 virus, the Way Back Wednesday series will look back at past epidemics and health challenges, with a particular focus on those individuals who sought to aid the sick, and on how our landscape remembers those past times.
Crewenan Road, east of Cooksville, remembers an early doctor in our community. Although the road itself dates to the 1950s, the road name recalls Doctor William Poole Crewe (1797-1861), the first resident doctor in Cooksville, and one of the earliest licensed surgeons in Peel County.
Doctor Crewe was born in Newcastle-Under-Lyme, Staffordshire, England. Together with his wife, Sarah, he came to Canada in 1833-34, sailing aboard the steamship SS Royal William, where he served as the ship’s doctor. He arrived in Canada in the midst of a cholera epidemic, and his skills were in drastic need. He first resided in Quebec City, before moving to Toronto in 1836, where he was quickly granted a medical license to practice in Upper Canada. In 1840 or 1841, Doctor Crewe moved to Cooksville (in historic Mississauga), where he would establish his practice and reside for the rest of his life.
The doctor purchased a 100-acre property east of Cooksville in 1841, and had a large brick residence built, which served as both his home and his office. The house was known as Stafford House. Modern Cliff Road (named after Captain George Cliff, who would acquire the property in 1878 after Doctor Crewe’s death) and Crewenan Road are on part of the Stafford House property.
Doctor Crewe was a travelling physician, a mortician, and as a surgeon his skills were in wide demand. He visited patients as far away as Kingston and Goderich, and was known to travel far distances in any kind of weather.
Doctor Crewe was particularly engaged with treating the sick during the ravages of the cholera epidemic of 1846-53 and the diphtheria epidemic of 1853-54, and doctors from surrounding areas were known to consult Doctor Crewe and seek his advice in treating the ill.
His treatment for cholera was a combination of antimony wine or brandy, calomel (mercurous chloride), camphorated tincture of opium, and a tincture of hyoscyamus (nightshade). From Edward Rawling’s “Almost Forgotten”, Doctor Crewe was quoted as saying: “My seven-day, 24-hours-a-day practice was invigorating but gradually I could feel it weakening me mentally and physically.” Doctor William Poole Crewe passed away in 1861 at the age of 64, and was laid to rest, with great reverence, in Dixie Union Cemetery.
NOTE: This story was previously published as part of the Way Back Wednesday series in Modern Mississauga by Heritage Mississauga.
It can be found on their website here: https://www.modernmississauga.com/main/2020/3/31/the-history-of-mississaugas-crewenan-road